Tuesday, October 10, 2006

Guilin(桂林山水) - Amazing Landscape

Taking a trip into the hully karst landscape of Guilin at sunset is one of the most breath-taking site in China. Guilin by the banks of the Li River in southern China is justifiably considered to be one of the most beautiful in China. Today, Guilin attracts innumerable tourists because of its unique landscape. Until the end of the 1970s, it was a quiet, sleepy area. Since then, Guilin and the settlements along the Li River have undergone an incredible development through tourism. This town with over 400,000 inhabitants acquired its name from the Cassia trees, whose blooms carry their sweet scent through the whole town in autumn. Guilin literally means "Cassia Tree Forest". Guilin is said to be founded in 214 BC. At that time, the Lingqu Canal was built under the regency of the first Chinese emperor, Qin Sin Huangdi. It still connects the central Asian plain with southern China, and South-East Asia, via the Yangzi, the Lijiang and the Pearl river. Guilin and its surroundings are still mostly agricultural, but this is limited by the numerous mountains which pose a problem in the whole of Guangxi region. The landscape is characterised by terraced rice paddies, water buffalos, and bamboo groves, and peasants with turn up trousers and cone-shaped straw hats. Guilin is famous for it spicy Guilinjiang, a type of pepper sauce. From the Mountain of Coloured Layers, a 223 metre high mountain on the north, visitors can get a wonderful view of Guilin and Lijiang. The most beautiful tourist spot is the Crystal Palace of Dragon King, in the Reed Flute Cave at north west of the city centre and a subterranean water landscape, which resembles the landscape around Guilin and the Li River.
A boat trip on the peaceful Li River is the absolute high point of any visit to Guilin. A cruise from Guilin to Yangshuo, visitors will experience the winding and twisting Li River, goes past the many bizarre mountains whose shapes have inspired and fired the Chinese imagination, the Elephant Trunk Mountain, Old Man Mountain, Pagoda Mountain and Hole Mountain. Cormorant fishermen in narrow bamboo boats, bathing children, water buffaloes, small settlement and women doing their washing on the banks of the river can be seen along the way. Yangshuo, at the end of the boat journey is today a developed village that thrives mainly on tourism and seems to have nothing but tourist shops.

North-east of Guilin is Sanjiang, a settlement of the Song people. Changyong Bridge is an architecturally unique sight. South-west of Guilin, in the centre of the Autonomous region of Guangxi is Linzhou with 600,000 inhabitants, is an expanding industrial town, pricturesque and typically southern Chinese. The main attraction is the Dule Rock with its numerous karst caves. Another area with a beautiful landscape is the settlement of Guiping. The capital of the Autonomous Region of Guangxi is Nanning. It is located deep in the south and is only 160 km from the Vietnamese border. South-west of Nanning, near the Vietnamese border by the river Zuojiang, is a landscape as fantastic as that in Guilin. In Ningmeng county, visitors can see a 1,700 year old mysterious rock painting along a steep rock face by taking a boat on Zuojiang river.

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地理位置

1、地理位置:桂林是世界著名的风景旅游城市和历史文化名城,地处南岭山系西南部,广西壮族自治区东北部,109°45''-104°40'',北纬24°18''-25°41''。
  2、行政区划:辖秀峰,象山,七星,叠彩,雁山5城区和灵川,兴安,全州,临桂,阳朔,平乐,荔浦,龙胜,永福,恭城,资源,灌阳12个县,行政区域总面积27809平方公里。其中市区面积565平方公里。

  城市历史

  桂林历史悠久。根据市区宝积岩和甑皮岩洞穴发现的遗物,经考证,甑皮岩人已进入母系氏族社会阶段,距今约一万年。
  夏商周时期,这里是“百越”人的居住地。秦始皇置桂林,象,南海三郡,这是“桂林”名称的最早起源,但郡治不在今天的桂林市。汉元鼎六年(公元前111年),在这里设始安县,隶属荆州零陵郡。东汉时改属始安侯国。三国时先属蜀,后归吴。甘露元年(265年),置始安郡始安县,郡县治所都在今之桂林。隋唐时属岭南桂州总管府。唐武德四年(621年),李靖修城于独秀峰南。贞观八年(634年)改名临桂县,属桂州始安郡。光化三年(900年)始,属静江节度。五代十国时先后属楚和南汉的桂州。宋时,前属广南西路桂州,后属静江府。元时属广西行中书省静江路。明清时均属广西省桂林府。民国时属广西省。1914年改名桂林县,1940年始设桂林市。1944年11月至1945年7月28日,为日寇占领。光复后仍为广西省辖市。历史上长期为广西省会。   1949年11月22日桂林解放,为广西省辖市,1958年改称广西壮族自治区桂林市,辖桂林城区和郊区。
  1981年7月、1983年10月阳朔、临桂划归桂林市管辖。
  1996年12月26日桂林市委,市人民政府按国务院,自治区批复的方案,实行区划调整,将郊区更名为雁山区。
  1998年9月8日经国务院批准,桂林市和桂林地区合并,组建新的桂林市。More

1 comment:

bywater said...

1.expect more beautiful templates
2.it is not convenient to add the page items

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